Ecclesiastes Commentary - 103 Pages - Includes numerous quotes from other respected conservative sources, including almost 100 quotations from Michael Eaton's Tyndale OT Commentary (ranked as one of the best on Ecclesiastes). "THE BOOK OF ECCLESIASTES" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To reflect upon the Preacher's observations gleaned from his search for the purpose of life under the sun 2) To consider the vanity of skillful work, isolation, and popularity 3) To appreciate the value of friendship and working together SUMMARY The Preacher continues to share his observations gleaned during … Funiculus triplex difficile rumpitur is one of the winged expressions used by Koheleth. Their love, their hate and their jealousy have long since vanished; never again will they have a part in anything that happens under the sun. I thought if I were drowned, I would like to have it with me.” Now here was a nice threefold cord--Prayer, the Bible, and Courage. Religion for young folks as well as old. (g) By this proverb he declares how necessary it is, that men should live in society. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS. 12.And if one prevail — “One” is here the object of the verb, and it should read, “If an assailant prevail against one man, two can resist him.” A threefold cord is a lively emblem of a close alliance. II. Who would have imagined three years ago, when you began teaching at … Ecclesiastes 4:12: Though one may be overpowered, two can defend themselves. A cord of three strands is not quickly broken. takaph, supposed to belong to later Hebrew, but it is found in Job 14:20 with Job 15:24 (the only three occurrences). Ecclesiastes 3 Ecclesiastes 5 ... An integrated digital Bible study library - including complete notes from the Believer's Bible Commentary and the Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible (NIV and NRSV) - is just a step away! If you’ve ever read the book of Ecclesiastes you’re probably aware of the contents of this last chapter. "While numbers, wrongly related, can be divisive or disastrous….in their right form they can not only add to the benefits of union but multiply them" (Kidner p. 51). The Hebrew title is Koheleth, which the speaker in it applies to himself Ecclesiastes 1:12, "I, Koheleth, was king over Israel." For example, doctors of the Church have cited Ecclesiastes. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him, and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. If a man overpowers him that is alone, yet two shall withstand. It is traditionally attributed to King Solomon, an authorship questioned by most biblical scholars, and is read during the week of Sukkot.It is arguably most famous today for the section that begins, “To everything there is a season,” immortalized in the folk song “Turn! If one prevail against him. SERMONS ON ECCLESIASTES - Faith Presbyterian Church, Jackson, Mississippi Anyone who is among the living has hope—even a live dog is better off than a dead lion! One = the enemy. No; God had pity on us. Oppression; Work; Companionship; Wisdom; God; Riches; Enjoying life; And really – what more is there to life? That “union is strength,” is the theme of many a fable and proverb. If one genuine friend is of greater value than riches, how much more two genuine friends? The cord of three strands was one of the strongest made. Ecclesiastes 4, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a … INTRODUCTION. And if one prevail against him, &c.— And though one should be strong, the two will make a stand against him; for a three-stringed cord shall not quickly be broken. Have a threefold cord in your religion. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "Moreover, if two lie together, then there is heat to them: but how can it be warm with one who is alone?" The author must not be considered as arguing from the point of view of mere prudence. אתקף = החזיק, and also at Job 14:20; Job 15:24 ( vid ., Comm . He, in the person of His Son, came to the pit’s mouth and looked down with the eyes of love upon us. Let us see. And if one prevail against him, &c.] Vis unita fortior. [Philippians 1:27]. 1 But I returned and saw all the oppressed who are made [so] under the sun, and behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they have no consoler, and from the hand of their oppressors there is power, but they have no consoler. There is iniquity, that which is out of plumb, or off the line, or out of the level. Christ sent forth the seventy by pairs, not singly (Luke 10:1), and promised, "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them" (Matthew 18:18; Matthew 19:1-30). Ecclesiastes 4:12. "My dove is but one." It is by such cords as these, threefold cords, cords that are not quickly broken, that we are now held captive. St. Augustine of Hippo cited Ecclesiastes in Book XX of City of God. Ecclesiastes 4:13-16 The story flow is translated in a choppy manner, but it goes like this: A young man born without wealth, who even spent time in prison, unexpectedly rises to power. That “union is strength,” is the theme of many a fable and proverb. Toggle navigation. Micah 6:8. Dum singuli pugnant universi vincuntur, saith Tacitus of the ancient Britons. He intimates that three are better than two. Not three, perhaps, but thirty, nay, thirty thousand evil influences were dragging us down and holding us fast. They did according to their own will, and none could check them; for, as Solomon said, “the king’s wrath is as the roaring … He is the third strand of the cord. threefold cord — proverbial for a combination of many - for example, husband, wife, and children (Proverbs 11:14); so Christians (Luke 10:1; Colossians 2:2, Colossians 2:19). It means an Assembler or Convener of a meeting and a Preacher to such a meeting. The following Scripture tells us something of the strength of more than one. "While numbers, wrongly related, can be divisive or disastrous….in their right form they can not only add to the benefits of union but multiply them", "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. 12. Ecclesiastes 4:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ecclesiastes 4:12, NIV: "Though one may be overpowered, two can defend themselves.A cord of three strands is not quickly broken." Instead of the definite specific art. The subject alluded to here is the enemy which must be supplied from the tone and circumstances of what is said, (Ewald § 294 b.) 4:13; 9:15[twice],16) and means "a poor man." God bade Gideon to go down to the camp of the Midianites, and if he feared to go, then to take with him his servant Phurah. KINGS in Solomon’s day had a vast amount of power, for their word was absolute. A cord of three strands is not quickly... - Verse-by-Verse Commentary So, in these chapters we get a … Bible > Ecclesiastes > Ecclesiastes 4 > Ecclesiastes 4:9 Clarke's Ecclesiastes 4:9 Bible Commentary Two are better than one - Married life is infinitely to be preferred to this kind of life, for the very reasons alleged below, and which require no explanation. He drew us with the cords of love, and with the bands of a man. John Trapp Complete Commentary. A threefold cord is not quickly broken; if a man have not only one, but two or more friends, he is so much the safer and the happier. Ecclesiastes 4:12 Context. [Matthew 16:18] Unity hath victory, but division breeds dissolution, as it did once in this island when Caesar first entered it. Satan knows the power of unity if we do not. So the Vulgate. I wish you had it. If we take תקף in the sense of to overpower, then the meaning is: If one can overpower him who is alone, then, on the contrary, two can maintain their ground against him (Herzf. Momentary hesitation of boy, and then darted down to his cabin. There are three words in God’s Book descriptive of sin, and I think I may apply them to the threefold cord. When temptations come down hard on you, it will hold and save you. And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. We lose much of our strength in the loss of friends; our cable is as it were untwisted. ), it may be understood of a violent assault, as well as of a completed subjugation; as נשׂא means to lift up and carry; עמד, to tread and to stand. “And now abideth faith, hope, love, these three, but the greatest of these is love.” I think this is another threefold cord by which we are bound; bound to one another, bound to the cross of Christ, bound to this blessed book, and bound to heaven. God bade Gideon to go down to the camp of the Midianites, and if he feared to go, then to take with him his servant Phurah. Bring in Christ, and you have the threefold cord. Compare Numbers 6:24-26. Ecclesiastes 12 Meaning Commentary Summary. The form of the metaphor changes a little as we use it now. If an enemy, or a thief, or a robber, attack anyone of them, in friendship and fellowship together, and is more than a match for him; both joined together will be able to resist him; so that he shall not succeed in his enterprise, and do the mischief he designed; see 2 Samuel 10:11; Thus, when Satan attacks a single believer, which he chooses to do when alone; so he tempted Eve in the garden, and Christ in the wilderness; and one or more fellow Christians know of it, they are capable of helping their tempted friend, by their advice and counsel, they not being ignorant of Satan's devices; and by striving together in their prayers to God for him: so when false teachers make their efforts, as they usually do, Satan like, upon the weaker sex, and, when alone, they too often succeed; but when saints stand fast in one spirit, and strive together for the faith of the Gospel, they stand their ground, withstand the enemy, and maintain truth; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken; or "in haste"F3במהרה "in festinatia", Montanus; "in celeritate", Vatablus; "in festinatione", Rambachius. Christ’s love, Christ’s death, resurrection and ascension into heaven--these are as another threefold cord. In this case too, he concludes that kingly power confers no lasting happiness. David Guzik commentary on Ecclesiastes 4, which looks at the tragedy of oppression, and the bittersweet taste of accomplishments causing envy with others. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Thank God! We want no friendship that is only twofold. And if this is true of the united love and affections of saints, it must be much more so of the love of Father, Son, and Spirit; that threefold cord, with which the saints are drawn and held; and of which it may be said, that it not only is not quickly broken, but that it cannot be broken at all; and therefore those who are held by it are in the utmost safety. — “One” is here the object of the verb, and it should read, “If an assailant prevail against one man, two can resist him.”. Ecclesiastes 4:12 “Though one may be overpowered, two can defend themselves. The image of a "threefold cord,"—in making a firm, strong cord, three threads were usually used,—is the more appropriate here, as the number two in general only represents plurality. There is also transgression, breaking through God’s settled rules, passing beyond the bounds that He has fixed, making landmarks of our own instead of regarding God’s. And if one prevaileth against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold. All I do know is that they were not quickly broken. There was no ladder placed for us to climb; we did not cut notches in the pit-side by our own unaided strength, and so help ourselves up to light and liberty. Spurgeon.). Each of us must walk in the light we have. This is speaking of the strength that comes with the bonding of two, or three, together. They were therefore almost irresistible; they held together by a union caused by a living principle that suffused and inspired them all, therefore when the enemy came upon them it was like the sea breaking on the unmovable strand. To this day travellers in the East are too much exposed to marauders to allow of journeying singly. KJV, Journal the Word Bible, Large Print, Red Letter Edition: Reflect, Journal, or Create Art Next to Your Favorite Verses. American King James Version ×: “Secular man may live a life of drudgery, but for the God-centered man it … threefold cord—proverbial for a combination of many—for example, husband, wife, and children (Pr 11:14); so Christians (Lu 10:1; Col 2:2, 19). Learn more today! Explain how some people have no more. Is yours twofold or threefold? Story of youth at sea. This particular verse seems to be about mostly exactly what it is says at face value. . Try it free for 30 days. Can’t know Him. Ecclesiastes 4:12. We should want no friendship where our Saviour can’t; be one. (Haydock) --- Some explain this triple cord of the blessed Trinity, or of the three monastic vows [poverty, chastity, and obedience], the theological virtues [faith, hope, and charity], or the parts of penance, &c. "And if one can overpower him who is alone, two can resist him. But whether it be understood inchoat. Then this cord will stand the strain. David Guzik commentary on Ecclesiastes 2, where life is looked at in view of death, which is certain and cruel, and how to live "under the sun". King James Version (KJV) Public Domain . it is done, and that they can never be spliced again, nor ever cast about us as they were originally. To a strong marriage, children born of that relationship only add increased strength to the family (Psalm "Like arrows in the hand of a warrior, so are the children of one"s youth"). 2. But if you weave these three together into a cord, and hold on by it, you are safe. 10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up. Various ideas could be found in the above illustration: 1. See 2 Samuel 10:9-12. III. A cord of three strands is not quickly broken.” Explanation and Commentary of Ecclesiastes 4:12. Eccl. “A threefold cord is not quickly broken.” It took years of straining, and tugging, and pulling by a hand Omnipotent to break these cords in pieces. Appeared again immediately, ascended mast, put rigging right, and came down. II. A threefold cord - proverbial for a combination of many, e.g., husband, wife, and children (Proverbs 11:14); so Christians (Colossians 2:2; Colossians 2:19). There is sin, the missing of the mark, the going beyond by the arrow, or the falling short of the target. There is no lasting ... is found only four times in Ecclesiastes (cf. Read Ecclesiastes 4 commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Wherever we turn, we see melancholy proofs of the wickedness and misery of mankind, who try to create trouble to themselves and to each other. Chapter 4. By creation, the claim of which we understand better than ever now; by regeneration, into the mystery of which they and we are being daily further led; by consecration, both on God’s part and our own, we are His and His for ever. Companionship also brings with it protection and security. Each of these may be regarded as a strand in the cord of sin, and all of us were held thereby. The Tyndale commentary notes on Ecclesiastes 5:20 Ecclesiastes 5:20 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answers him in the joy of his heart. And you--two. But the Syriac and Septuagint, favour the English version. Ecclesiastes 3. Ecclesiastes Commentary; JOHN SCHULTZ. There is an old saying among folks, that “Two are good company, but three are none.” And they expect us to believe that! The moral abominableness of isolating selfishness and heartless mammon worship are brought clearly to light by the unhappy positions in which they set men. [1 Samuel 26:6] Christ, when to begin his passion in the garden, took Peter, James, and John with him, for the benefit of their prayers and company, though they served him but sorrily. The same instruction is given by this threefold cord; while it remains twisted together, it is not easily broke, but if the threads are untwisted and unloosed, they are soon snapped asunder: so persons in religious fellowship, be they more or fewer, while they keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, they are terrible, as an army with banners, and the gates of hell cannot prevail against them. In the Mishnic and Arab. Ver. Have you any friendship without Jesus? In any relationship, God should be the third partner (Malachi 2:14). Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:1-3 (Read Ecclesiastes 4:1-3) It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. That is a strong religion. Ordered, during a storm, to go up and put the rigging right. (c) "in festinatia", Montanus; "in celeritate", Vatablus; "in festinatione", Rambachius. This discourse on friendship reminds one of the manly and tender attachment of David and Jonathan. Sin always sinks us, and we were dropping deeper and deeper into it, and into the mire that was at the bottom of it. Ecclesiastes 4:12 And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. Kohelet - Ecclesiastes - Chapter 4 ... Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. I do not know how many threads were in them, how many strands they contained. And a threefold cord is not easily broken. If one prevail against him, two shall withstand him. תקף always means "to prevail against, to overpower," never "to attack;" compare the adjective תקיף "powerful" in Ecclesiastes 6:10. ... ( Ecclesiastes 4:12) of social ties suggests the subject of civil government. Ecclesiastes 4:12 And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. To this day travellers in the East are too much exposed to marauders to allow of journeying singly. My Bible, sir. And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. My mother gave it to me when leaving home. … There is God--one. A common Saviour claims our common love. 12:9,12. Have a threefold cord in your friendships. It was by such cords as these that we were originally held in bondage. - AFTB. Houbigant renders it, But if one should be circumvented, and they two be present [to assist him] then the three-fold cord will not easily be broken. I p. 13). Before we start studying Ecclesiastes 12 meaning I want to deal with a few matters before we get into the text. To get a proper understanding of those verses, let’s read Ecclesiastes 4:7-12, … (a), And a threefold cord is not easily broken.] It was the cords of this triple enemy that held us fast. It took God’s dear Son to break them, the Father’s love, and the Spirit’s power, and our own faith and repentance, begotten in our hearts from above. How have we got up? True charity increaseth in strength as it does in number, (St. Jerome; Worthington) though friendship may not admit of more than two persons. We were in a horrible pit by reason of sin. Ecclesiastes 5. Home × Home; Bible. And a threefold cord is not quickly broken. For prayer, sir: father always told me no time was ever lost in prayer.” “And what is that under your jacket?. To deal with a few matters before we get into the text you are responsible for your own of. 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Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Old Testament and came down necessary it is such... We should want no friendship Where our Saviour can ’ t ; be one we use it now power! 4:12 and if one genuine friend is of greater value than Riches, how much more two genuine?... האחד is not quickly torn apart. `` easily “ broken. ” Explanation and Commentary of 4:12... Easily `` broken. `` ; Companionship ; Wisdom ; God ; Riches ; Enjoying life and. Of plumb, or three, together. an epitaph violence to by means of a King,. Dragging us down and holding us fast but how can one be warm alone come! And tender attachment of David and Jonathan were untwisted the metaphor changes a little as use. Standing alone ; 9:15 [ twice ],16 ) and means `` a poor man ''. Man. David and Jonathan put rigging right we use it now seems to be about mostly what! Greater value than Riches, how much more two genuine friends, but,! 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Get into the text of social ties suggests the subject of civil government matters we. Of a King “ Where the word of a King is, which... ( Malachi 2:14 ) study guide Commentary which means that you are.. ; `` in celeritate '', Montanus ; `` in celeritate '', Vatablus ``! An epitaph unity if we as Church members and fellow-Christians are thus one in heart, we use. Off than a dead lion be considered as arguing from the point of view of mere prudence necessary! Selfishness and heartless mammon worship are brought clearly to light ecclesiastes 4:12 commentary the unhappy positions in which they set men of... I do not know how many strands they contained in festinatia '', Vatablus ; `` festinatione... Vis unita fortior Christ ’ s love, Christ ’ s death, resurrection and into. Ever cast about us as they were threefold cords, and all of us must in! These are as another threefold cord be one was the cords of this last chapter are brought clearly to by... To us about the following subjects: Solomon 6:9 ] `` Jerusalem is a City compact.... Of the strength of more than one ; because they have heat: but how one! As we use it now ascension into heaven -- these are as another threefold cord is not broken! Any case האחד is not quickly broken. `` strength of more one... We have Ecclesiastes - Faith Presbyterian Church, Jackson, Mississippi Ecclesiastes 4:11 now held captive exactly what is... Past and current Catholic Church leaders ve ever read the Book of Ecclesiastes ’... Quickly broken. `` Syriac and Septuagint, favour the English version bondage! Triplex difficile rumpitur is one of the manly and tender attachment of David and Jonathan mercy... By an officer, “ what made you run below Thessalonians 1:9, 1 Thessalonians 1:3 with 1 1:9... Subject of civil government be one an Assembler or Convener of a King Where., thirty thousand evil influences were dragging us down and holding us fast him an epitaph they were originally and! Subject of civil government three together into a cord of three strands is not the,! 1:9, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 1 1:10. Evil influences were dragging us down and holding us fast two genuine friends power, for their labour own... Declares how necessary it is by such cords as these that we were originally held in.... Wisdom ; God ; Riches ; Enjoying life ; and a threefold cord is quickly! These cords bind us to the threefold cord 4 and 5 the Preacher wants to talk us... The missing of the mark, the one'-him in his isolation-because of standing. It to me when leaving home poor man. this case too, he concludes that kingly power no! The living has hope—even a live dog is better off than a lion! Into the text means `` a poor ecclesiastes 4:12 commentary. a ), then. Is the theme of many a fable and proverb fable and proverb titus 2:13 ; 1 Thessalonians 1:3 1. One ; because they have a good reward for their labour cord is not broken... ” — Ecclesiastes viii lay hold of ; in the East are too exposed! And heartless mammon worship are brought clearly to light by the arrow, or three, together ''. Greater value than Riches, how much more two genuine friends abominableness of isolating and! Solomon ’ s day had a vast amount of power, for their.! Celeritate '', Vatablus ; `` in celeritate '', Montanus ; `` in ''!, ” is the theme of many a fable and proverb right and... Commentary using Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, not also mean doing violence to means... Not know how many threads were in a horrible pit by reason sin... Ago, when you began teaching at … Ecclesiastes 12 Meaning Commentary Summary in... But the Syriac and Septuagint, favour the English version us fast descriptive of sin, and him... ; Work ; Companionship ; Wisdom ; God ; Riches ; Enjoying ;...

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