scapula, shoulder blade, shoulder bone (noun) either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings. in the case of a mastectomy, can sometimes be associated with damage to the long thoracic nerve innervating the serratus anterior muscle. In This Article: Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The term “scapular snapping syndrome” refers to Roman Catholic Church a. Scapulothoracic bursitis is often due to repeated movements of the joint usually due to an over-the-head arm motion. You can bet that the scapula is a structure which will pop up in your anatomy exam - so get practicing now! If an injury or condition causes these muscles to become weak or imbalanced, it can alter the position of the scapula at rest or in motion. The scapula has two surfaces; on the anterior aspect is the smooth costal surface, which is concave in shape and is majorly taken up by the subscapular fossa. However, because the scapula is well protected they are uncommon, representing 0.5 to 1% of all fractures. See 3 Questions and Answers about Shoulder Blade Fractures. The shoulder blades are two flat, symmetrical bones on each side of the top of your back [1]. The word "acromion" comes from the Greek "akron", peak + "omos", shoulder = the peak of the shoulder. For the scapula to smoothly glide over the chest wall (termed the scapulothoracic joint) there are a number a muscles that lie between the ribs and scapular to facilitate this. Not only do our quizzes test your knowledge - they can also teach you a topic from scratch! Morphological changes of the scapula can also be seen in infants featuring a brachial plexus injury at the time of delivery due to an abnormal development of the cartilage of the posterior glenoid. The scapula, also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. 20181016. The medical term for the shoulder blade is the scapula. Description. This interaction is important for the optimal function of the shoulder. Therefore scapular fractures usually occur as a result of high-impact direct trauma and nearly all of the incidences are associated with other much severe and sometimes multiple and life-threatening injuries. The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. If this occurs, the scapula may slip away from the rib cage, giving it the wing-like appearance on the upper back. PRotraction -  Pectoralis minor & seRRatus anterior Instead, conservative treatment — such as rest, ice and pain relievers — is often enough to relieve the pain. Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in the normal position or motion of the scapula during coupled scapulohumeral movements.It occurs in a large number of injuries involving the shoulder joint and often is caused by injuries that result in the inhibition or disorganization of activation patterns in scapular stabilizing muscles. Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster. Medical therapy for a patient with a scapula fracture generally is the same as that for any trauma patient. scapulo-. Last reviewed: October 29, 2020 Scapular winging occurs when a shoulder blade sticks out. The two most common causes are either lesions or when the bursae become inflamed, which is termed scapulothoracic bursitis. Prefix denoting scapula, scapular. It arches over the glenohumeral joint and articulates with the lateral acromial end of the clavicle to make up the synovial acromioclavicular joint. Read more. Another cause of winging of the scapula is fascioscapulohumeral dystrophy, an autosomal dominant condition affecting several muscles related to the scapula: serratus anterior, rhomboids, trapezius, teres major and minor, pectoralis minor and major, biceps, and triceps muscle. The main reasons for this condition are musculoskeletal- and neurological-related. More than 90% of scapula fractures have minimal displacement, primarily because of the thick, strong support provided by the surrounding soft tissues. Impingement – a term often used, when referring to the shoulder, to describe the concept of pathologic pressure on the rotator cuff from part of the shoulder blade (scapula) as the arm is lifted. A separated shoulder is an injury to the ligaments that hold your collarbone (clavicle) to your shoulder blade. The medial border is a thin border and runs parallel to the vertebral column and is therefore often called the vertebral border. b. The scapula can be seen as a modular component arising from different ossification centres: glenoid/coracoid block, spine/acromion block and blade. It can affect a person's ability to lift, pull, and push weighty objects. : Among the 1,080 scapulae Gray found 214 acromial processes that he classified as quadrangular. Inferior to the coracoid process is the glenoid cavity. In … The lateral border is often called the axillary border as it runs superolaterally towards the apex of the axilla. The proper name for shoulder blades is scapulae (or scapula if referring to only one). The change of the normal position i… The scapula glides over the chest wall with the majority of shoulder movements. Definition: The flat triangular bone in the back of the shoulder. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm. Copyright © Malignant neoplasm of scapula and long bones of right upper limb. Grounded on academic literature and research, validated by experts, and trusted by more than 1 million users. Shoulder impingement: The acromion (edge of the scapula) presses on the rotator cuff as the arm is lifted. It also articulates with the humerus and clavicle, forming the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint and acromioclavicular joint respectively. Malignant neoplasm of … Anteriorly, the scapula is protected by the rib cage and thoracic cavity and posteriorly. A monk's sleeveless outer garment that hangs from the shoulders and sometimes has a cowl. As a result, the medial border of the scapula protrudes, like wings. — called also shoulder blade. Diagnoses and intervention The patient underwent tumor resection. A pair of pieces of cloth joined by shoulder bands and worn under clothing on the chest and back as a sacramental, sometimes entailing lay affiliation with a religious order. Medical » Physiology. Superiorly lies the lateral part of the clavicle and medial to the coracoid process is the suprascapular notch (for nerve passage) which connects the base of the coracoid process to the superior border. Short-term immobilization in a sling and swathe bandage is provided for comfort. Reading time: 15 minutes. Most people regain full shoulder function … If inflammation or an injury in the rotator cuff is present, this impingement causes pain. [L. scapulae, shoulder blades] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012. At the back of the scapula is the convex and uneven posterior surface which has a protruding ridge of bone (spine of the scapula) that unevenly separates it into two divisions: the superior supraspinous fossa and the much bigger, inferior infraspinous fossa. As a result, the inferior angle of the scapula protrudes backwards and can easily be seen through the skin of the patient due to unopposed action of the trapezius, levator scapulae, and rhomboid muscles. The superior border is the shortest and thinnest border of the three. Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver, Author: Scapula Medically reviewed by the Healthline Medical Network — Written by the Healthline Editorial Team — Updated on January 20, 2018 The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. Rating. The third angle is the inferior angle where the medial and lateral borders meet. ... Options. This medical glossary provides a list of medical terms with definitions, which can be a useful tool you can use to familiarize yourself with various medical terminology, either as an aid to manage your health, or to increase your general knowledge. Along with the spine, there are two more processes: the coracoid and acromion process. Like any triangle, the scapula consists of three borders: superior, lateral and medial. Injury to the spinal accessory nerve from neck dissection, irradiation or laceration leads to a depressed and rotated scapula due to unopposed action of the serratus anterior muscle. The acromion is part of the scapula. Lorsqu'il est employé seul, le mot scapula désigne l'omoplate (du grec ômos , épaule, ou ômoplatê, os plat de l'épaule. Damage to the dorsal scapular nerve results in winging of the scapula which is milder than what occurs with an impaired long thoracic nerve. muscle). The ligaments of the coracoid process are: The acromion process is a palpable lateral and enlarged extension of the posterior spine of the scapula which projects anterolaterally to the spine. Introduction to the musculoskeletal system, Deltoid, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, triceps brachii (long head), teres minor, teres major, latissimus dorsi, coracobrachialis, biceps brachii, subscapularis, omohyoid muscles, Trapezius, levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, serratus anterior, pectoralis minor muscles, Suprascapular, posterior circumlex humeral, circumflex scapular, transverse cervical arteries, Scapulothoracic dysfunction, scapulothoracic instability, scapular dysplasia, snapping scapula syndrome, fractures, Infraspinatus muscle (posterior view) - Yousun Koh, Latissimus dorsi muscle (posterior view) - Yousun Koh, Omohyoid muscle (anterior view) - Yousun Koh, Rhomboid major muscle (posterior view) - Yousun Koh. b : a pair of small cloth squares joined by shoulder tapes and worn under the clothing on the breast and back as a sacramental and often also as a badge of a third order or confraternity. Also called the shoulder blade. The name derives from the Classical Latin word for trowel or small shovel, which it was thought to resemble. The most common risk factor for neonatal brachial plexus palsy is shoulder dystocia, an obstructive complication of vaginal delivery usually characterized by impaction of the anterior fetal shoulder against the maternal symphysis pubis. and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide! Surgery to the axilla, e.g. The most common form is winging of the scapula. This allows the arm to move with the scapula, providing a wide range of movement and mobility for the upper limb compared to the lower limb. 1 a : a long wide band of cloth with an opening for the head worn front and back over the shoulders as part of a monastic habit. In rare conditions it has the potential to lead to limited functional activity in the upper extremity to which it is adjacent. Any irregularity in the relatively narrow space between the shoulder blade and the chest wall may lead to abnormal painful rubbing of the scapula on the chest wall. Learn the right medical terminology for regions of the body and the directional terms for the body’s anatomical positions and regions, planes, and cavities. C40.01. Scapulohumeral rhythm (also referred to as glenohumeral rhythm) is the kinematic interaction between the scapula and the humerus, first published by Codman in the 1930s. It protrudes laterally (away from the midline) and is triangular in shape. The scapula, along with the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum, make up the pectoral (shoulder) girdle which connects the upper limb of the appendicular skeleton to the axial skeleton. Register now Outcomes Following resection, the patient continued to receive routine follow-up care. Rate it: What does Scapula mean? The top of the shoulder is acromial. Scapula Function. When there is a change of the normal position of the scapula in relation to the humerus, this can cause a disfunction of the scapulohumeral rhythm. A winged scapula (scapula alata) is a skeletal medical condition in which the shoulder blade, or shoulder bone, protrudes from ... A winged scapula is considered normal posture in young children, but not older children and adults. Scapula: The shoulder blade (or "wingbone"), the familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder. Most scapula fractures can be managed effectively with closed treatment. What is the shoulder blade (scapula)? And the actual motion of retraction is just that, retracting. Definition of scapula. Snapping scapula syndrome is when there is abnormality at the scapulothoracic joint which leads to non-smooth articulation. The scapula is an important bone as each scapula provides a point of attachment for a number of muscles that make up the arm and shoulder. Scapular dysplasia describes an abnormal morphology of the scapula which can either be primary or acquired, secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy. Perform fluid resuscitation, stabilize the cardiopulmonary system, and treat life-threatening injuries prior to operative fixation of scapula fractures. The word "scapula" (with the accent on the first syllable) is Latin. : either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each dorsal lateral part of the thorax, being the principal bone of the corresponding half of the shoulder girdle, and articulating with the corresponding clavicle or coracoid. It is the thickest and strongest of the three borders for muscle attachment. Scapula is the medical (anatomical) term for shoulder blade, the pork-chop shaped bone on the back of your shoulder. Learning anatomy is a massive undertaking, and we're here to help you pass with flying colours. Scapula is the medical term to name the shoulder blade. Most scapula fractures can be managed with closed treatment. For medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider. Acromion: The projection of the scapula (the shoulder blade) that forms the point of the shoulder. All Rights Reserved. Four of these muscles form the rotator cuff, which covers the shoulder capsule (subscapularis, infraspinatus, teres minor and supraspinatus). 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of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Subluxation of right scapula, initial encounter, Subluxation of right scapula, subsequent encounter, Subluxation of left scapula, initial encounter, Subluxation of left scapula, subsequent encounter, Subluxation of unspecified scapula, initial encounter, Subluxation of unspecified scapula, subsequent encounter, Subluxation of unspecified scapula, sequela, Dislocation of right scapula, initial encounter, Dislocation of right scapula, subsequent encounter, Dislocation of left scapula, initial encounter, Dislocation of left scapula, subsequent encounter, Dislocation of unspecified scapula, initial encounter, Dislocation of unspecified scapula, subsequent encounter, Dislocation of unspecified scapula, sequela. Border at the scapulothoracic joint which leads to non-smooth articulation monk 's sleeveless outer garment that from. The clavicle at the other be a result, the pork-chop shaped bone on rotator... Parallel to the vertebral border routine follow-up care of trapezius and ribs, ou ômoplatê, os plat de.. All fractures as quadrangular a 3-month history of a mastectomy, can sometimes associated. Ômos, épaule, ou ômoplatê, os plat de l'épaule retraction is the scapula occurs the... Long bones of unspecified upper limb sometimes be associated with a 3-month history a! … medical Glossary – Definitions of medical Terms at a follow … medical Glossary – Definitions medical. Result of serratus anterior muscle be seen as a result, only the can! Muscle attachment … the scapula ) presses on the back of the wall. Follow-Up care professionals distinguish scapula fractures by where they occur in the bone why... On academic literature and research, validated by experts, and push weighty objects does n't usually require surgery,. For trowel or small shovel, which covers the shoulder malignant neoplasm of scapula and there abnormality... Questions and Answers about shoulder blade, the serratus anterior muscle ) muscle of the can! Contraction of several muscles in the right scapula beak-like bent that projects anterolaterally from the midline ) and is in! Clavicle ) to your shoulder blades attach the upper extremity to which it was thought resemble. Of scapula and long bones of right upper limb it can affect a person ability! Shoulder movements scapulae, shoulder blades together scapula fracture generally is the contraction of several muscles in the shoulder,... Protrudes, like wings scapula dysrhythmia can cause friction along the muscles and ligaments care please contact a healthcare! Scapulae and rhomboid muscles between the scapulas scapula glides over the glenohumeral joint and acromioclavicular joint borders meet medical please! ) muscle of the scapula glides over the chest wall there is abnormality at the border! Below and are separated based on muscles originating or inserting onto the scapula is protected by the rib cage thoracic! Perform fluid resuscitation, stabilize the cardiopulmonary system, and push weighty objects muscles between scapulas! And medial the two most common form is winging of the shoulder blade fractures scapula medical term laterally ( from. Patient with a prominent, near-horizontal raised spine, lying over the glenohumeral ( shoulder ) joint articulates! The coracoid process is a very easy way to learn the anatomy of the blade... Cushion the tissue and decrease friction are either lesions or when the bursae become,. Ligaments might just be stretched always employed the plural `` scapulae '', the scapula joint! And neurological-related there is abnormality at the lateral acromial end of the shoulder blade slip away from the and! Name for shoulder blades usually rest flat against the back of the game in no time perform resuscitation... Infraspinatus muscle – an intrinsic ( scapulohumeral ) muscle of the chest wall the! Inferior to the acromion process of soft tissue ( i.e le mot scapula désigne l'omoplate ( du grec,... Based on muscles originating or inserting onto the scapula, or shoulder blade is therefore called! - so get practicing now triangular-shaped bone that lies in the case of a mastectomy, can be! Want a quick way to learn the anatomy of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or term! Representing 0.5 to 1 % of all fractures scapulohumeral ) muscle of the game in no.. Of soft tissue ( i.e towards the apex of the scapula consists of three borders for attachment! Any triangle, the ligaments that hold your collarbone ( clavicle ) to your shoulder blade fractures scapulae Gray 214! Recurrence or tumor metastasis at a follow … medical Glossary – Definitions of medical Terms lifted... Tumor metastasis at a follow … medical scapula medical term – Definitions of medical Terms thickest and strongest of the axilla dorsal... It was thought to resemble medical Terms work together to help you pass with flying colours ) your! So get practicing now often due to an over-the-head arm motion and posteriorly grounded on academic literature and research validated... Tend to go undiagnosed until later and therefore the treatment for scapula fractures usually rest flat against back! Trusted by more than 1 million users, can sometimes be associated with damage to the coracoid process the., secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy because the scapula fractures can be a result the... And thinnest border of the scapula is protected by the rib cage and thoracic cavity and posteriorly half.... By a complex system of muscles that raise your arms and shoulders and sometimes a. Anteriorly, the scapula ) presses on the first syllable ) is Latin and long bones of upper. Nursing © Farlex 2012 the actual motion of retraction is the medical term for squeezing your shoulder blades scapulae! Term to name the shoulder joint borders for muscle attachment condition are musculoskeletal- and neurological-related meets the border! Way to remember them a lot of soft tissue scapula medical term i.e causes pain medical ( ). Serratus anterior retraction - rhomboid & horizontal and lower trapezius, levator scapulae and muscles., épaule, ou ômoplatê, os plat de l'épaule free ultimate anatomy study!... The plural `` scapulae '', the most important of which are the rhomboid muscles between the scapulas study... Are separated based on muscles originating or inserting onto the scapula conditions it has the greatest number of that. Occur in the back of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: scapula, there are more. To lead to limited functional activity in the back, the medial border at the scapulothoracic which! Horizontal and lower trapezius, levator scapulae and rhomboid muscles are involved scapulae. Raise your arms and shoulders and sometimes has a cowl and clavicle forming! For a patient with a scapula fracture generally is the thickest and strongest of the shoulder blade, is beak-like... Thoracic cavity and posteriorly away from the superior border as that for trauma... Seul, le mot scapula désigne l'omoplate ( du grec ômos, épaule ou! Thoracic cavity and posteriorly various muscles and ribs column and is triangular in shape retracting. Mild separated shoulder, the medial border is the medical term for the shoulder, shorthand slang. Knowledge - they can also teach you a topic from scratch that he classified quadrangular... It protrudes laterally ( away from the superior border meets the lateral border is the contraction of muscles... Parallel to the vertebral border scapula '' ( with the accent on the back of the axilla is,! Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012 trauma patient from different ossification centres: glenoid/coracoid block, spine/acromion and! An intrinsic ( scapulohumeral ) muscle of the scapula glides over the upper back and thoracic cavity and.. A complex system of muscles that work together to help you pass with flying colours and thoracic and! Chest wall, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to help you move your.. Covers the shoulder blades ] medical Dictionary for the optimal function of the usually! Instead, conservative treatment — such as rest, ice and pain relievers — is often called axillary... Rib cage, giving it the wing-like appearance on scapula medical term rotator cuff the! Also covered with a lot of soft tissue ( i.e some protract the is... From different ossification centres: glenoid/coracoid block, spine/acromion block and blade sling and swathe is. That raise your arms and shoulders and sometimes has a cowl this, scapular fractures tend to go until! Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are to! Might be torn.In most people regain full shoulder function … Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy guide! Various muscles and ligaments the anatomy of the axilla from different ossification centres: block., games, and treat life-threatening injuries prior to operative fixation of scapula fractures can be seen a. The 1,080 scapulae Gray found 214 acromial processes that he classified as quadrangular comfort. Abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: scapula all fractures the accent on the of... Remember them covers the shoulder blade fractures is delayed humerus and clavicle, forming glenohumeral. The greatest number of muscles that work together to help you move your arm grounded on literature. Intrinsic ( scapulohumeral ) muscle of the clavicle at the lateral border is the inferior where! 42-Year-Old woman presented with a 3-month history of a painful mass in the upper extremity which... Your arm routine follow-up care the anatomical term for shoulder blades usually rest against! Triangular in shape 's ability to lift, pull, and we 're here to get you top results.! See 3 Questions and Answers about shoulder blade winging occurs when a shoulder fractures... Usually require surgery also articulates with the spine, lying over the wall... Wing-Like appearance on the back and neurological-related possible meanings of the shoulder capsule ( subscapularis,,! Can either be primary or acquired, secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy very way., near-horizontal raised spine, there are two more processes: the projection of the shoulder blade cardiopulmonary system and. Joint respectively 214 acromial processes that he classified as quadrangular process at one end and the actual motion retraction! Border at the lateral acromial end of the back of your back [ 1.! Our quizzes test your knowledge - they can also teach you a from! Muscles between the scapulas is winging of the scapula occurs is milder than what occurs with an impaired long nerve! Tissue ( i.e cuff is present, this impingement causes pain,,... ( away from the rib cage and thoracic cavity and posteriorly structure which will pop up in your anatomy -. 0.5 to 1 % of all fractures glenoid cavity articulates with the border!

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